Serbia has attracted over €37 billion in foreign direct investment since 2007. The Development Agency of Serbia facilitates and implements direct investment promotions and assists in improving the competitiveness of the economy. Serbia boasts a highly qualified labor pool, competitive operating costs and an optimal geographic location. This is supported by numerous financial benefits and incentives and the creation of multiple free zones.
To assist companies in streamlining their operations, many municipalities offer operations within designated industrial zones. These bring advantage in the form of ready-to-use infrastructure, special benefits and a privileged tax regime. At present time, a high degree of caution is advised for international travel given the strained healthcare system in the country.
Entity Registration and Incorporation Requirements
Setting up a new business or expanding an existing one in Serbia is straightforward. Choose how your company operates from a range of entity types that suit your individual circumstance.
Banking Hours: 8:00 am to 7:00 pm from Monday to Friday.
The standard working week is from Monday to Friday from 9:00 am - 5:00 pm.
There are several laws governing employment in Serbia including the Constitution, the Labor Act and the Anti-Discrimination Act. Bilateral tax and social security treaties may also be relevant to a foreign national, depending on where they reside.
Motor vehicle, base metals, food processing, machinery, chemicals
Dates & Numbers
Official State Name
the Republic of Serbia
International Dialing Code
The minimum hourly wage is limited but varies from sector to sector. There are no salary caps or limitations on payment methods that apply to all employees.
It is acceptable to provide employees with online payslips
Employees are entitled to receive paid annual leave of 20 days
Employees are entitled to receive paid sick leave of 30 days
Employees are entitled to 12 months of paid maternity leave and 5 days of paid paternity leave
Maternity & Paternity Leave
An employee is required to be provided with 15 days notice of termination of employment
There are no provisions mandated by law regarding the 13th month salary
13th month salary
201.22 RSD per hour
Overtime pay is calculated at the rate of 1.26x the employee's ordinary rate of pay for the first 4 hours of overtime completed
Employees who are paid monthly are entitled to a third of their pay for each year of employment
Residents are taxed on their worldwide income and non-residents are taxed on their Serbia-sourced income and any worldwide income where that relates to their work in Serbia.
Tax rates are flat and may range from 10% to 20%.
Corporate Income Tax
Personal Income Tax
Social security contributions cover pension and disability insurance, health insurance and unemployment insurance. Social security contributions are withheld by the employer which is done up to a specified cap. Contributions are defined by the Law on Mandatory Social Insurance Contributions.
Social Security Rate
Social Security Rate for Employers
Social Security Rate for Employees
Where an employee is seconded from Serbia to work in another country, the Law on Conditions for Secondment of Employees to Temporary Work Abroad and their Protection will regulate their status.
Every employment relationship must be supported by a written employment contract. There are two types of employment relationships which depend on their duration.
Set out in the Labor law, the maximum number of hours worked is limited but varies from sector to sector. If the work is organized in shifts that include night work, the employer must provide for alternate shifts.
Employees are required to receive at least 20 days of paid leave per year. This can be increased based on a range of criteria. In general, there is no explicit provision for flexible work but it can be agreed to between the employer and employee.
A Serbian employment agreement may be terminated for a number of reasons related to an employee’s performance or business reasons. There are, however, worker groups who are entitled to termination protection.
Minimum notice period for terminating an employee
Total number of public holidays
Working hours per week
Total number of days for Compassionate & Bereavement Leave
A Serbian tax resident is someone who stays (or intends to stay) for over 183 days in a 12 month period. Transfers of employees from one place of work to another is allowed under certain conditions.
Foreigners who wish to work in Serbia must obtain a temporary or permanent residence permit and a work permit which allows them to perform activities like Serbian citizens. There are two types of work permits, that is, the personal work permit and the simple work permit.
Work Permit Validity
A duly completed visa application form
A passport that is valid for a minimum of 90 days after the issuance of the visa
A letter of invitation addressed to the individual from the potential employer in Serbia
Proof of health insurance
A passport photo
Evidence of sufficient funds or income for the individual’s stay while in Serbia
Depending on the duration of the applicant’s stay, an itinerary or a return ticket to leave Serbia
Proof of payment of the visa fee.
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