Employer of Record (EOR) in Taiwan
An Employer of Record (EOR) acts as the legal employer for workers in Taiwan, providing a crucial role commonly known as a Global Professional Employer Organization (Global PEO). As your dedicated Employer of Record in Taiwan, we take charge of various employment aspects. This includes meticulous oversight to ensure strict compliance with local labor laws and regulations, expert management of payroll processes, handling taxes, offering mandated benefits, and crafting comprehensive employment agreements.
With Mercans as your Employer of Record in Taiwan, you can rely on a partner committed to:
- Ensuring meticulous compliance with Taiwan’s employment laws.
- Skillfully managing the intricacies of the local payroll process.
- Expertly handling the filing of employment-related taxes and requisite paperwork.
- Issuing timely payslips to the worker.
- Disbursing the worker’s salary payments promptly.
Our Global PEO services in Taiwan provide a seamless solution for your global expansion, eliminating the need for entity setup. As your trusted Employer of Record in Taiwan, we guarantee legal compliance, a robust local presence, and Intellectual Property (IP) protection. This allows your business to concentrate on its core operations. Benefit from our expertise to facilitate seamless global mobility, efficiently manage work visas, and build a diverse and productive global workforce. Choose Mercans as your Employer of Record in Taiwan for a compliant and streamlined employment experience for your global workforce.
Employment Contracts in Taiwan
In Taiwan, the Labor Standards Act (LSA) sets stringent measures to safeguard employees, categorizing employment contracts into fixed-term and non-fixed term. The Act generally favors non-fixed term contracts for continuous work, offering better protection to employees. Fixed-term contracts are exceptions and must adhere to specific criteria:
Criteria for Fixed-term Contracts
Temporary employmentUnexpectable non-continuing employment for six months or less.
Short-term employmentNon-continuing employment expected to be completed in six months.
Seasonal employmentNon-continuing employment affected by seasonal factors with a term shorter than nine months.
Specific employmentNon-continuing employment completed within a specific period.
On-Demand and Automated Payment Services
The term “continuous work” is understood as work related to the employer’s continuous business needs, not temporary or seasonal.
Determination of Fixed-term Contracts
Legitimate Fixed-term Contracts in Judicial Practice
Strict standards apply, recognizing legitimacy in specific cases like one-day tasks or project-specific roles.
Impact of Signing Fixed-term Contracts for Continuous Work
Employment Contracts in Taiwan
Workers’ standard working hours should not surpass eight hours per day or 40 hours per week. Subject to approval by a labor union or, in the absence of one, endorsement from a labor-management conference within a business entity, an employer has the flexibility to redistribute the standard working hours mentioned in the preceding paragraph across any two workdays in a two-week period. It is permissible to allocate a maximum of two hours to each of the other workdays. However, the aggregate weekly working hours must not exceed 48 hours.
The Labor Standard Act does not prescribe the maximum duration of a probationary period. The term “trial period” lacks a statutory definition within the LSA. The duration of the trial period is subject to negotiation between employers and employees. While there is no specific regulation on the longest permissible trial period, conventional practices often span three months. Throughout this trial period, employment terms, conditions, and benefits need not mirror those of regular employees. However, these terms must still align with the requirements stipulated by the LSA.
13th Month Salary
While it is not obligatory, the 13th and 14th-month salaries are frequently disbursed prior to the Chinese New Year. Similarly, festival bonuses are customary preceding the Dragon Boat Festival and Mid-Autumn Festival.
Termination, Severance Pay and Notice Period
TerminationEmployers may not terminate employees without good cause, and the necessity for advance notice depends on the reason for termination and the employee’s years of service. There are two main categories of good causes for termination, each with its own set of conditions. Advance notice is required for reasons such as business suspension, operating losses, force majeure, changes in the nature of business, or an employee’s inability to perform duties. However, under certain circumstances, an employer can dismiss an employee within 30 days without notice, such as when the employee misrepresents facts, engages in violent acts, violates the labor contract or work regulations, deliberately damages property, or is absent from work without cause.
Severance PayIn Taiwan, severance pay is governed by the Labor Standards Act (LSA) and the Labor Pension Act (LPA). Employees who started after 1 July 2005 (under the LPA) receive severance pay calculated at half a month of average wages per full year, up to six months’ wages. Those who started before can choose between the LSA and LPA, with the LSA offering one month of average wages for each year.
Procedurally, employers must inform authorities 10 days before dismissal but don’t need prior approval. Dismissals require good cause under the LSA. Mass terminations follow the Act for Worker Protection of Mass Redundancy, involving a 60-day notice and negotiations.
Class or collective actions are allowed, initiated by labor unions. Employers can impose mandatory retirement at 65, and the employee cannot refuse.
Article 16 of the LSA outlines the minimum notice periods for employer termination:
Upon receiving notice, an employee can request leave during work hours (up to 2 days a week) for job hunting, with continued wage payment. If an employer terminates without proper notice, full wages for the notice period must be paid.
Taiwan’s labor ministry urges employers to adhere to overtime pay regulations, revealing fines totaling NT$62 million ($1.94 million) for violations in 2022. The ministry highlights common illegal practices, including compensating overtime with leave instead of extra pay. Employers often underpay staff for overtime by calculating using a “basic salary” excluding various bonuses, violating wage regulations. The ministry emphasizes precise minute-based calculation of overtime wages, emphasizing the illegality of a minimum one-hour extra claim. Labor activist Roy Ngerng urges continuous education, regular checks, and simplified unionization processes for worker rights protection.
Employees vs Independent Contractors
Comparison Between Taiwanese Employees and Contractors:
|High level of autonomy; freedom in work schedules and methods.
|More direction from the employer; specific working hours.
|Tools and Equipment
|Own their tools and equipment.
|Company provides tools and equipment.
|Less integrated; often work remotely.
|Highly integrated; often work on-site.
|Not entitled to benefits and protections under Taiwanese law.
|Entitled to employment benefits and protections.
|Time-bound engagement for a specific project or period.
|Indefinite engagement; often hired for indefinite periods.
|Risk of Loss
|Assume more risk and liability for their work.
|No risk of loss; sheltered from liability by the employer.
|Can assign work to be completed by another individual/entity.
|No subcontracting; expected to complete work individually.
This table provides a concise overview of the key distinctions between contractors and employees in Taiwan, considering autonomy, tools, integration, benefits, engagement, risk, and subcontracting.
Social Security in Taiwan
Employer and Employee Contributions
Employee Contributions (2023)
Labor Insurance Program (LIP)11% of the monthly salary, capped at TWD 45,800. Employees contribute 20% of the premium.
National Health Insurance Program (NHIP)5.17% of the monthly salary, up to TWD 150,000. Employees contribute 30% of the total premium.
Labor Pension Program (LPP)Voluntary contribution, minimum 6% of the monthly salary, up to TWD 150,000.
Employer Contributions (2023)
Labor Insurance Program (LIP)Employers contribute to ordinary risk insurance (70% of 11% of the monthly salary) and occupational accident insurance (0.14% of the monthly salary).
National Health Insurance Program (NHIP)Employers pay 60% of the total premium.
Labor Pension Program (LPP)Employers must contribute a minimum of 6% of the employee’s monthly salary.
Comparison with Surrounding Countries (Average Contributions)
Note: Social security contribution rates and regulations are subject to change. Consult with a local HR or tax professional for the latest information.
Payroll in Taiwan
The prevailing minimum wage in Taiwan, Province of China, stands at NT$26,400.00 per month, effective from January 1, 2023, and remains valid through December 2023. All figures are denoted in Taiwan Dollars.
In Taiwan, the standard payroll cycle occurs monthly, with payments typically disbursed on the 15th of each month. It is a customary practice in Taiwan to provide a 13th-month salary, commonly distributed during the Lunar New Year.
Overtime pay in Taiwan is regulated on a monthly cycle, with disbursements typically on the 15th. The tradition of a 13th-month salary is observed, often paid during the Lunar New Year.
Mercans’ payroll capabilities
Payroll CycleEnsuring timely payment to both employees and contractors in the local currency (Taiwan Dollar).
Payroll ServicesProficient in comprehensive payroll setup, processing, and administration.
Statutory ComplianceExpert handling of statutory filings and payments to meet regulatory requirements.
Personal Income Tax in Taiwan
Individual Income Tax (IIT) is applicable to both resident and non-resident individuals for Taiwan-sourced income, unless exempt under the Income Tax Act and related laws.
Tax Rates for Non-Residents
Progressive Tax Rates for Residents (2022)
Income Basic Tax (IBT)
Residents face a flat 20% IBT on foreign-sourced income meeting specific criteria. IBT calculation includes add-back items, and if IBT exceeds regular income tax, it’s payable based on a defined formula.
IBT Add-Back Items
Credit for Foreign Taxes
While foreign-sourced income increases IBT, credits are available for foreign taxes paid, subject to limitations.
Taiwan Employee Hiring Cost
In Taiwan, employing an individual with a gross annual salary of TWD 9,999.96 incurs additional employer costs totaling TWD 54,329.28 annually. This comprehensive calculation includes various expenses such as benefits, insurance, and contributions. Therefore, the total annual cost of hiring this employee amounts to TWD 74,329.24, encompassing both the gross salary and the associated employer-related expenditures. This example illustrates the holistic perspective required when estimating the total investment in an employee, considering not only the salary but also the additional costs associated with employment.
Employee Benefits in Taiwan
Taiwan observes between 10 and 15 public holidays annually, some fixed and others based on the lunar calendar. Public holidays are paid, including significant events like Founding Day, Labour Day, Peace Memorial Day, National Day, and various lunar-based celebrations.
Accruals and Paid Time Off (PTO):
Employees are entitled to paid annual leave based on service duration:
Accumulated annual leave usage can follow different timelines, decided by mutual agreement within 30 days of eligibility. Unused vacation can be carried over, converted into wages, or paid out at the end of the second year or employment contract.
Maternity, Paternity, Adoption, and Parental Leave
Maternity leave of 8 weeks is granted to employees with at least 6 months of consecutive service. For miscarriage, leave varies based on pregnancy duration. Paternity leave includes 5 days of paid leave for spouses in labor. Adoption leave is unpaid during the cohabitation period until the child turns three. Parental leave is available to employees with over six months of service, provided the child is under three years old, and the spouse is employed.
Sick Leave and Occupational Sickness Leave
Employees are entitled to 30 days of paid sick leave per year if not hospitalized. In case of hospitalization, one year of sick leave is permitted within a two-year period. The maximum sick days can’t exceed one year in two years. Employers may extend leave at their discretion or terminate employment.
Family Care Leave, Jury Duty, Voting Leave, and Bereavement Leave
Family care leave allows up to 7 days of paid leave for family caregiving. Employers must grant leave for jury duty and voting, paid according to actual days required. Bereavement leave varies based on the relation to the deceased.
Work Permit in Taiwan
To work in Taiwan, individuals must undergo a comprehensive process starting with the receipt and signing of an employment contract issued by the employer. Subsequently, the employer applies for a work permit from the Ministry of Labor, a prerequisite before commencing work. To reside in Taiwan, employees need a work visa and an Alien Residence Certificate, issued post the approval of the EZ Taiwan work permit. The Taiwanese job market caters to over 40,000 expats through various online platforms like Forumosa, tiptopjob, and Taiwan.xpatjobs, with popular industries including startups, computer hardware and software, acting and modeling, publishing, marketing and advertising, mobile gaming, and bicycles. There are four types of visas in Taiwan, each serving distinct purposes. To apply for an EZ Taiwan work permit, both employees and employers need to submit specific documents, including education diplomas, work experience certificates, tax statements, and more. The application process involves obtaining a work visa, undergoing a medical examination, applying for an Alien Resident Certificate, and registering with relevant authorities. The EZ Taiwan work permit typically takes 7-14 days for approval, with the work visa issued in 30 working days. Multiplier, as a global Employer of Record (EOR) solution, facilitates the work permit application process by providing comprehensive HR solutions and expert guidance, streamlining the hiring process for companies worldwide.
EOR Solutions in Taiwan
- EOR for Prospective Employees: Mercans offers seamless Employer of Record (EOR) solutions for businesses that have already identified their ideal candidates in Taiwan. Our services encompass every aspect of the employee lifecycle, ensuring compliance with Taiwan labor laws and regulations.
- EOR + Recruitment: For those seeking assistance in talent acquisition, our EOR and recruitment services provide a holistic solution. We tap into our extensive network and expertise to help you find, onboard, and retain top talent, streamlining your expansion into the Taiwan market.
- Visa Sponsorship and Global Mobility: Navigating the intricacies of expatriate employment is simplified through our visa sponsorship and global mobility services. We facilitate the relocation of your international workforce, ensuring compliance with Taiwan immigration and employment laws.
- AOR for Contractor Payments: Businesses grappling with contractor payments can leverage our Assistance on Record (AOR) services. We handle the complexities of contractor payments, guaranteeing accuracy and compliance.
- Converting Freelancers to Employees: Mercans supports the transition from independent contractors to permanent employees in Taiwan. Our expertise ensures smooth conversions while adhering to legal requirements.
- HCM Integration: Integrate Mercans’ EOR services seamlessly with your HCM system in Taiwan for real-time data exchange, enhanced compliance, and cost-efficiency. Trust our expertise for a unified, compliant, and efficient approach, elevating your workforce management and payroll operations.
Experience the ease of global expansion with Mercans’ comprehensive EOR solutions in Taiwan. From payroll and compliance to seamless workforce integration, Mercans ensures a smooth journey for businesses venturing into the Taiwanese market, providing unmatched support and expertise.